Toggle navigation
Toggle search

REFERENCES: Stress and Anxiety Assessment

The Health Risk Assessments have been created by A.D.A.M. Inc. The assessment questions and their corresponding health messages are based on the following references and physician review:

Ahmed SM, Hershberger PJ, Lemkau JP. Psychosocial influences on health. In: Rakel RE, Rakel DP, eds. Textbook of Family Medicine. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2016:chap 3.

American Heart Association website. What is stress management? https://www.heart.org/en/healthy-living/healthy-lifestyle/stress-management/what-is-stress-management . Updated April 17, 2018. Accessed August 20, 2019.

American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 5th ed. Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing, 2013.

American Psychiatric Association website. Eating disorders. www.psychiatry.org/patients-families/eating-disorders/what-are-eating-disorders. Updated January 2017. Accessed August 19, 2019.

American Psychiatric Association website. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). https://www.psychiatry.org/patients-families/ptsd/what-is-ptsd. Updated January 2017. Accessed August 15, 2019.

American Psychiatric Association website. Sleep disorders. https://www.psychiatry.org/patients-families/sleep-disorders/what-are-sleep-disorders. Updated July 2017. Accessed August 19, 2019.

Bui E, Pollack MH, Kinrys G, Delong H, Vasconcelos e Sá D, Simon NM. The pharmacotherapy of anxiety disorders. In: Stern TA, Fava M, Wilens TE, Rosenbaum JF, eds. Massachusetts General Hospital Comprehensive Clinical Psychiatry. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Mosby; 2016:chap 41.

Calkins AW, Bui E, Taylor CT, Pollack MH, LeBeau RT, Simon NM. Anxiety disorders. In: Stern TA, Fava M, Wilens TE, Rosenbaum JF, eds. Massachusetts General Hospital Comprehensive Clinical Psychiatry. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2016:chap 32.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Coping with stress. https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/suicide/copingwith-stresstips.html?CDC_AA_refVal=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.cdc.gov%2Fviolenceprevention%2Fpub%2Fcoping_with_stress_tips.html. Updated January 9, 2018. Accessed August 19, 2019.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Mental health conditions: Depression and anxiety. https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/campaign/tips/diseases/depression-anxiety.html. Updated March 22, 2018. Accessed August 19, 2019.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Physical activity. https://www.cdc.gov/physicalactivity/about-physical-activity/why-it-matters.html. Updated February 4, 2019. Accessed August 19, 2019.

D’avanzato C. Posttraumatic stress disorder. In: Ferri FF, ed. Ferri's Clinical Advisor 2019. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2019:1121-1122.e1.

Dattilo NC, Goddard AW. Generalized anxiety disorder. In: Kellerman RD, Rakel DP, eds. Conn’s Current Therapy 2019. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2019: 765-768.

Finell JT. Alcohol-related disease. In: Walls RM, Hockberger RS, Gausche-Hill M, et al, eds. Rosen’s Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2018:chap 142.

Guerrera MP. Integrative medicine. In: Rakel RE, Rakel DP, eds. Textbook of Family Medicine. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2016:chap 12.

Kumar V, Abbas AK, Aster JC. Environmental and nutritional diseases. In: Kumar V, Abbas AK, Aster JC, eds. Robbins Basic Pathology. 10th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2018:chap 8.

Lyness JM. Psychiatric disorders in medical practice. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 25th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap 397.

Minichiello VJ. Relaxation techniques. In: Rakel D, ed. Integrative Medicine. 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 94.

Murray MT. Stress management. In: Pizzorno JE, Murray MT, eds. Textbook of Natural Medicine. 4th ed. St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Churchill Livingstone; 2013:chap 60.

National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health website. Meditation – In depth. https://nccih.nih.gov/health/meditation/overview.htm Updated January 2, 2019. Accessed: August 19, 2019.

National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health website. Relaxation techniques for health. https://nccih.nih.gov/health/stress/relaxation.htm. Updated May 2016. Accessed August 19, 2019.

National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism website. Overview of alcohol consumption. https://www.niaaa.nih.gov/overview-alcohol-consumption. Accessed August 19, 2019.

National Institute of Mental Health website. Anxiety disorders. https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/anxiety-disorders/index.shtml. Updated July 2018. Accessed August 19, 2019.

Perlman A. Complementary and alternative Medicine. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 25th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap 39.

Rossman ML. Guided imagery and interactive guided imagery. In: Rakel D, ed. Integrative Medicine. 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 97.

Schneider C, Wissink T. Depression. In: Rakel D, ed. Integrative Medicine. 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 5.

National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health website. Tai Chi and Qi Gong: In depth. https://nccih.nih.gov/health/taichi/introduction.htm. Updated October 2016. Accessed: August 19, 2019.

Turk DC. Psychological interventions. In: Benzon HT, Rathmell JP, Wu CL, Turk DC, Argoff CE, Hurley RW, eds. Practical Management of Pain. 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Mosby; 2014:chap 45.

National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health website. Yoga: in depth. https://nccih.nih.gov/health/yoga/introduction.htm. Updated May 2019. Accessed August 19, 2019.

Wakefield TL, Lam DJ, Ishman SL. Sleep apnea and sleep disorders. In: Flint PW, ed. Cummings Otolaryngology. 6th ed. Philadelphia PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2015:chap 18.

We are physicians, hospitals and communities working together to help you live better.