Ciprofloxacin (By injection)
Treats infections and is given to people who have been exposed to anthrax. Also used to treat and prevent plague (including pneumonic and septicemic plague). This medicine is a quinolone antibiotic.
Amerinet Choice Ciprofloxacin, Cipro IV, Ciprofloxacin Novaplus, Ciprofloxacin in Dextrose NovaplusThere may be other brand names for this medicine.
When This Medicine Should Not Be Used:This medicine is not right for everyone. You should not receive it if you had an allergic reaction to ciprofloxacin or to similar medicines.
How to Use This Medicine:
- Your doctor will prescribe your dose and schedule. This medicine is given through a needle placed in a vein.
- A nurse or other health provider will give you this medicine.
- Drink extra fluids so you will urinate more often and help prevent kidney problems.
- This medicine should come with a Medication Guide. Ask your pharmacist for a copy if you do not have one.
- Your doctor may give you a few doses of this medicine until your condition improves. Then you may be switched to an oral medicine that works the same way. Talk to your doctor if you have concerns about this.
Drugs and Foods to Avoid:
Ask your doctor or pharmacist before using any other medicine, including over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products.
- Do not use this medicine together with tizanidine.
- Some foods and medicines can affect how ciprofloxacin works. Tell your doctor if you are using any of the following:
- Clozapine, cyclosporine, duloxetine, lidocaine, methotrexate, olanzapine, phenytoin, probenecid, ropinirole, sildenafil, theophylline, zolpidem
- Antibiotics (including azithromycin, clarithromycin, erythromycin)
- Blood thinner (including warfarin)
- Diabetes medicine (including glyburide, insulin)
- Heart rhythm medicine (including amiodarone, procainamide, quinidine, sotalol)
- Medicine to treat depression or mental illness
- NSAID pain or arthritis medicine (including aspirin, celecoxib, diclofenac, ibuprofen, naproxen)
- Steroid medicine (including hydrocortisone, methylprednisolone, prednisone)
- This medicine slows the digestion of caffeine, so it might affect you for longer than normal.
Warnings While Using This Medicine:
- Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or breastfeeding, or if you have kidney disease, liver disease, heart disease, diabetes, myasthenia gravis, or a history of heart rhythm problems (including QT prolongation), seizures, brain problems, stroke, or mental illness. Tell your doctor if you have ever had tendon or joint problems, including rheumatoid arthritis, or if you have received a transplant.
- This medicine may cause the following problems:
- Tendinitis and tendon rupture (may happen after treatment ends)
- Nerve damage in the arms or legs, which may become permanent
- Changes in mood or behavior, seizures, or increased pressure in the head
- Liver problems
- Serious skin reactions
- Kidney problems
- Heart rhythm changes
- Changes in blood sugar levels
- This medicine may make you dizzy, drowsy, or lightheaded. Do not drive or do anything else that could be dangerous until you know how this medicine affects you.
- This medicine may make you bleed, bruise, or get infections more easily. Take precautions to prevent illness and injury. Wash your hands often.
- This medicine can cause diarrhea. Call your doctor if the diarrhea becomes severe, does not stop, or is bloody. Do not take any medicine to stop diarrhea until you have talked to your doctor. Diarrhea can occur 2 months or more after you stop taking this medicine.
- This medicine may make your skin more sensitive to sunlight. Wear sunscreen. Do not use sunlamps or tanning beds.
- Your doctor will do lab tests at regular visits to check on the effects of this medicine. Keep all appointments.
Possible Side Effects While Using This Medicine:
Call your doctor right away if you notice any of these side effects:
- Allergic reaction: Itching or hives, swelling in your face or hands, swelling or tingling in your mouth or throat, chest tightness, trouble breathing
- Blistering, peeling, red skin rash
- Change in how much or how often you urinate, cloudy or bloody urine
- Dark urine or pale stools, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, stomach pain, yellow skin or eyes
- Diarrhea that may contain blood
- Fainting, dizziness, or lightheadedness
- Fast, slow, or uneven heartbeat
- Numbness, tingling, weakness, or burning pain in your hands, arms, legs, or feet
- Pain, stiffness, swelling, or bruises around your ankle, leg, shoulder, or other joint
- Seizures, severe headache, unusual thoughts or behavior, trouble sleeping, feeling anxious, confused, or depressed, seeing, hearing, or feeling things that are not there
- Sensitivity of the skin to sunlight, redness or other discoloration of the skin, severe sunburn
- Unusual bleeding, bruising, or weakness
If you notice these less serious side effects, talk with your doctor:
- Pain, swelling, or redness where the needle is placed
If you notice other side effects that you think are caused by this medicine, tell your doctor
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088
Last Updated: 5/1/2020
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