There are several types of nail disorders. A fungal infection is the most common, usually affecting the toenails. Following proper treatment, a fungal nail infection is cured by the growth of new, noninfected nails.
Signs and Symptoms
Signs and symptoms of a nail disorder include:
What Causes It?
Several nail disorders are present at birth or develop during infancy. Nail disorders are caused by:
Chronic renal failure, for example, is known to cause various nail pathologies. They also may be self induced.
Who is Most At Risk?
People with the following conditions or characteristics are at risk for developing a nail disorder:
What to Expect at Your Provider's Office
If you have symptoms of a nail disorder, you should see your health care provider. Your provider will make a diagnosis based on a:
To prevent a nail disroder, you should:
Your health care provider may remove the infected nail and prescribe oral medication, as well as medication to apply to the nail.
Your provider may prescribe the following antifungal or antibacterial medications.
Surgical and Other Procedures
Your provider can:
Complementary and Alternative Therapies
A comprehensive treatment plan for nail disorders may include a range of complementary and alternative therapies.
Nutrition and Supplements
Virtually every nutritional deficiency can affect nail growth. These nutritional tips may help reduce symptoms:
You may address nutritional deficiencies with the following supplements:
Herbs are one way to strengthen and tone the body's systems. As with any therapy, you should work with your provider to diagnose your problem before starting any treatment. You may use herbs as dried extracts (capsules, powders, teas), glycerites (glycerine extracts), or tinctures (alcohol extracts). Unless otherwise indicated, make teas with 1 tsp. of herb per cup of hot water. Steep covered 5 to 10 minutes for leaf or flowers, and 10 to 20 minutes for roots. Drink 2 to 4 cups per day. You may use tinctures alone or in combination as noted.
Few studies have examined the effectiveness of specific homeopathic remedies. A professional homeopath, however, may recommend one or more of the following treatments for nail disorders based on his or her knowledge and clinical experience. Before prescribing a remedy, homeopaths take into account a person's constitutional type, includes your physical, emotional, and intellectual makeup. An experienced homeopath assesses all of these factors when determining the most appropriate remedy for a particular individual.
Acupuncture may help:
Massage can help stimulate circulation, which aids the transport of nutrients to the nail bed.
Alternating hot and cold foot baths can help shuttle blood and immune cells to infected nails. Fill one bucket with hot water (be sure the water temperature is not so hot as to burn, but similar to a Jacuzzi, about 100° F - 37.7° C) and one with cold water. Place feet in hot water for 3 minutes, then immediately into cold water for 1 minute. Repeat this series 3 times, then vigorously rub feet with a dry towel. You can add 7 drops of essential oil of lavender to the hot water to increase its stimulating effects. People with a vascular disease or any other type of compromised circulation or peripheral neuropathy should NOT do hydrotherapy without their doctor's supervision.
The consequences of most nail disorders are purely cosmetic. Regenerating a toenail usually takes 8 to 12 months, while regrowing a fingernail takes half as long. Infection relapses or permanent damage sometimes occur. Complications may include cellulitis (tissue inflammation) and the embarrassment caused by unsightly nail appearance. Nail abnormalities are also associated with hair, teeth, or gland abnormalities.
Follow up with your health care provider if you have any drug side effects or interactions.
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Review Date: 12/9/2014
Reviewed By: Steven D. Ehrlich, NMD, Solutions Acupuncture, a private practice specializing in complementary and alternative medicine, Phoenix, AZ. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
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